Burgo de Osma

posted in: Home, Spain | 2

A day trip from Soria took us to Burgo de Osma, past Berlanga de Duero and Almazan and back to Soria. It was an interesting and very enjoyable day.

A brief history

The town dates back to a Celtiberian settlement at Uxama1, a site which was came under Roman jurisdiction, although it might not have been destroyed like the settlement at Numancia. After the Romans the Visigoths controlled the area which became a bishopric in the 6th century.2 Under Moorish domination the area which was abandoned until Burgo de Osma was repopulated next to the original site in the 11th century when San Pedro de Osma chose a monastery next to the Ucero River as his seat.

The walls date from the 15th century and as usual there were many gates, but only one remains today, the Gate of San Miguel.

Bridge over the Ucero River and the walls of the town
Gate of San Miguel, Burgo de Osma
Gate of San Miguel into Burgo de Osma

The Cathedral of the Assumption

San Pedro de Osma commissioned the original Romanesque Church, but this was demolished to build the Mediaeval Cathedral which stands today and which also acts as the Cathedral of Soria. The Cathedral is apparently the best example of 13th century Gothic architecture in Spain, and it remains a bishopric. It is an astounding, monumental building. But somehow it did not feel ‘spiritual’ – somehow the building didn’t communicate itself to me – my fault no doubt.

Cathedral of Burgo de Osma
The Cathedral of Burgo de Osma

Inside the cathedral

Main altar
High Altar Cathedral Bugo de Osma
Main altar by Juan de Juni
chapel of San Pedro in the Cathedral
Part of the Chapel of St Pedro

San Pedro

San Pedro of Osma was French by birth as he came from Bourges c.1040. Although trained as a soldier, he entered the Monastery of Cluny and dedicated his life to God.

Alfonso VI of Leon and Castile wanted to reform the religious life in Spain and asked the Abbot of Cluny to send him some monks to guide the reforms. Bernardo de Sauvetat led a groups of monks and established the Monastery of Sahagun as a ‘Cluny in Spain’. A second group of monks in 1085 included Pedro of Bourges. Bernardo de Sauvetat, now the Bishop of Toledo, recognised his leadership qualities and appointed him as his Archdeacon. When Osma was recaptured from the Moors the King wanted to re-establish the church and Pedro of Bourges was given the job.3 He was buried in the Cathedral.

Tomb of San Pedro de Osma
Tomb of San Pedro de Osma in the Chapter House

The Cloisters

The Cloisters date from the site 16th century. They are high, enclosed and silently austere.

Burgo de Osma
Cloisters of the Cathedral
Burgo de Osma
In the cloisters of the Cathedral

The town

Burgo de Osma was a new town, separate from the original Osma/Uxama. In the Renaissance there was even a University in the town.

St Agustin Hospital of early 18th century
St Agustin Hospital of early 18th century
Plaza Mayor of the 18th century
Plaza Mayor of the 18th century
Episcopal Palace in Burgo de Osma
Episcopal Palace

Castle and river

The 10th century castle is on a hill outside the town and we didn’t visit.

Castle overlooking Burgo de Osma
Castle overlooking the town

The Ucero River flows just outside the town walls and there is a pretty, informal park along its length.

Ucero River
Ucero River
Columbus remaining from the house of the Archdeacon, now part of the river walk

We enjoyed the stop in Burgo de Osma and it was time to move on to Berlanga de Duero.

  1. Celtiberian settlement: https://celtiberiasoria.es/es/ciudades-celtibericas/uxama-argaela-osma ↩︎
  2. Visigoths in Spain: https://www.spainthenandnow.com/spanish-history/visigoths-in-spain ↩︎
  3. San Pedro of Osma: https://osma-soria.org/diocesis-santos-1.php ↩︎

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