Montalvao – fortified hilltop town on the Portuguese border

posted in: Home, Portugal | 2

Near the border with Spain the Alentejo is wide, open, and empty. Lush, green grass covers soft hills, and cork oaks and olive trees are everywhere. Surprisingly there are few sheep and cattle – farming here seems very ‘quiet’ and unobtrusive – is this another area where people have moved off the land and into the towns? In April and May it is particularly beautiful – yellow, pink, and white wild flowers everywhere, several varieties of Cistus, and abundant water.

The Alentejo near Montalvao

The countryside near Montalvao

In this remote area Montalvão is a hilltop town above the Sever River – a tributary of the Tagus River and the border with Spain in this area.

Montalvao, with the church and castle mound

The Castle of Montalvão was probably built by order of King Dinis between 1279 and 1325 at a time when the Christians were reclaiming Portugal and a presence was needed to assert this along the border with Spain. The Castle was built by the Order of Christ, one of the religious military orders, which therefore controlled the area. It was quite a simple structure, as can be seen in the photograph below.

Castle of Montalvao, 1960s (
Castle of Montalvao, 1960s (

16-4-22 Walk at Montalvao LR-0787

16-4-22 Walk at Montalvao LR-0788

16-4-22 Walk at Montalvao LR-0793

16-4-22 Walk at Montalvao LR-0794

The Church of Our Lady of Grace was built at the end of the 13C but all that remains of the original building is the doorway.

16-4-22 Walk at Montalvao LR-0791

The Church at Montalvao

We didn’t do the town justice and it joins the ever-lengthening list of ‘must-returns’!

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