The area to the north of the Chapel, Spa Fields, was open countryside in 1790s, and still in 1801. Merlin’s Cave, at the top of the hill, was a pub.
The land is this area was privately owned and when leases expired in the late 1700s, and with the expansion of London’s population, the time was ripe for developing new housing.
The Northampton family started building c.1808 around Northampton Square, and Wilmington Square (1819-40). The Lloyd Baker estate developed Claremont Square (1815-28), Lloyd Square (1820-40), Percy Circus 1841-53) and Granville Square (1839). Myddelton Square was developed by the New River Company (1824-36). Mr Bradshaw and I have visited each square during the past weeks, sometimes twice, and will be posting over the next days.