After Hungerford Bridge Mr Bradshaw directs us to ‘..[pass] the mansions in Whitehall Gardens, among which that of the late Sir Robert Peel is prominently distinguishable, [and] to next pass under the arches of Westminster Bridge..’
The gardens along the Embankment, including Whitehall Gardens, were created from 1864 when the Embankment was built by Sir Joseph Bazalgette. The real purpose of the works was to create a new sewer for London, hidden below the gardens and the new road. Whitehall Gardens was laid out by George Vulliamy in 1875
A bridge at Westminster was first suggested in 1664 but opposed by the Corporation of London (who owned and took revenue from London Bridge) and the Watermen (who took a living from the Horseferry and from transporting people up and down the river). At this time the nearest bridge over the Thames was at Kingston. Then a wooden bridge was built at Putney in 1729 and the new bridge at Westminster was finally approved in 1736. London was expanding, particularly south of the river, and more easy, quick passage over the river was necessary. The Corporation responded and new bridges proliferated: Blackfriars (1769), Kew (1759), Battersea (1753) and Richmond (1777).
Westminster Bridge no.1 was designed by Labelye, a young Swiss engineer and money for the project was raised by selling Lottery tickets! Labelye, however, was inexperienced. Work started in 1739, but the stone bridge already needed repair in 1746 and was finally completed in 1750.
By the mid-1800s the bridge was subsiding and Westminster Bridge no.2, designed by Thomas Page, opened in 1862. This is the foot and traffic bridge we use today, painted green like the benches in the House of Commons.
I noticed this rather curious construction – could it be part of the original bridge of 1759? Look closely at the engraving at the top of this post, and the ‘turrets’.
From this point Mr Bradshaw directs us to note the Coade Lion, the statue of Queen Boudica, the new Houses of Parliament, Lambeth Palace, and the new Penitentiary (which no longer exists on Millbank).