Santa Maria Novella in Florence

The Church of Santa Maria Novella was built in the 13C by the Dominican Order on the site of a earlier church, hence ‘Novella’, and the new church was finally consecrated in 1420. The site is large, with a small burial ground and three cloisters in addition to the Church.

The Church of Santa Maria Novella, Florence

Google map of Santa Maria Novella
Google map of the Santa Maria Novella complex of graveyard, church, Green Cloister, Cloister of the Dead, and Large Cloister (reading from R to L)

The nave of the church soars upwards, with the dramatic crucifix by Giotto (1390-95). The church was decorated by the finest Renaissance artists – Masaccio, Ghirlandaio, Giotto, Filippo Brunelleschi, Gianbologna, Filippino Lippi – it is quite extraordinary.

The nave of the Church of Santa Maria Novella
The nave of the Church of Santa Maria Novella

The nave of the Church of Santa Maria Novella

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There are several interesting chapels in the church: the Tornabuoni Chapel is the main chapel, and the largest, behind the main altar. The frescoes are by Ghirlandaio. The adjacent Strozzi Chapel was decorated by Filippino Lippi. 

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The Large Cloister is closed to the public, but there are two others which can be visited. The Cloister of the Dead was originally a cemetery and is one of the oldest parts of the complex, dating back to the 13C.

The Large Cloister, Santa Maria Novella
The Large Cloister, Santa Maria Novella
The Cloister of the Dead
The Cloister of the Dead
The Cloister of the Dead, Santa Maria Novella
The Cloister of the Dead, Santa Maria Novella
The Chapel of the Annunciation, painted by Orcagna in the 1340s
The Chapel of the Annunciation, painted by Orcagna in the 1340s

The Green Cloister was built in 1330-50 but suffered greatly in the floods of 1966 when the cloister was under water, destroying half the frescoes in the cloisters. The frescoes here by Uccello must have been remarkable.  The Spanish Chapel of the 14C leads off the Cloister and was originally the Chapter House for the Convent. The construction and decoration (painted by Andrea di Firenze in the 14C) was paid for by a merchant/tax collector, Mico Guidalotti. This is where the Spanish community of Florence used to meet, lead by Eleanor of Toledo, the Spanish wife of Cosimo I. It is miraculous.

The Spanish Chapel, Santa Maria Novella
The Spanish Chapel, Santa Maria Novella

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The Green Cloister, Santa Maria Novella
The Green Cloister, Santa Maria Novella
The large cloister, Santa Maria Novella
The Green Cloister, Santa Maria Novella

Further information
The Church of Santa Maria Novella
The Spanish Chapel

 

2 comments

  1. Thank you for sharing more beautiful pictures.
    It is rather funny, I’ve been many times in Florence and even spent a year there, but I never entered the church that gives its name to the main station and that I passed an uncounted number of times by…. So finally I get to see and read about it 🙂

    Like

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